STOMACHION

On the Art of Mathematics

*"The crucial criterion is beauty; there is no enduring place in this world for ugly mathematics."*

Godfrey Harold Hardy, Mathematician

"Stomachion" (from Greek "stomachos" meaning stomach, Latin "stomachari" meaning to be vexed) is the title of an ancient manuscript by Archimedes, the most significant mathematician of antiquity, in which he delved into combinatorics. Mathematics and art are two subjects that are typically challenging to reconcile. While art represents intuition, subjectivity, and free thinking, mathematics is often perceived as rational, emotionless, and non-sensuous due to its rigid framework of rules. However, the development of the modern concept of art in the Renaissance is inconceivable without mathematics. In the Baroque period, mathematics and natural sciences also influenced art, just as Einstein's physical insights shaped modern art. Like art, mathematics is also a creative form of human perception. To make the so-called STEM subjects (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) more accessible, this canon should be expanded to include the promotion of art and creativity (STEAM), as progress in mathematics, the natural sciences, and technical innovations is not possible without creativity.